About Melsithamur Parshvanath Jain Temple
Place – Melsithamur
Nearby Town – Gingee
Moolavar – Parshvanath Bhagwan
Other Deities – Bhagwan Munisuvrat, Bhagwan Neminath, Bhagwan Mahavir, Bhagwan Bahubali, Ganadhara Parameshti, Dharmadevi Yakshi, Jinavani, Mokshalakshmi, Brahmadevar, Padmavathi Yakshi, Jwalamalini Yakshi, Navagraham
Temple’s Raja Gopuram:
The Raja Gopuram is a seven storeyed tower with a total height of more than 70 feet. The base of the Gopuram consists of the structures of “UbanamKandam”, “Palti”, ”Kumudhappadai” and “Kamothagam”. The walls are equally adorned with “Kumba Pancharangas” and “Kotta Pancharangas”.
- Melsithamoor Temple Entrance
- Raja Gopuram
Temple Kodimaram and Manasthambam:
Entering the beautiful towering temple, one can enjoy the Dharshan of Kala Theerthangaras on the walls of the temple. At the end stands a tall copper sheet pillar upon which is engraved a Kodithambam and the divine beings of 1) Aravaazhi 2)Sarvaana Yatchan 3)Mukkudai and 4)Dharma Devi.
- Temple Kodimaram
- Architecture in Kodimaram
There is an altar on the highly elevated dais. There stands a gigantic 52’ high Maanasthambam made of a single stone, promising salvation of sins and peace to the human souls. This was erected by the devotee, Buse Chetty, belonging to Karnataka. There are statues of Bhagwan Adhinath and Bhagwan Mahaveera. There is a statue of Bhagwan Sandhinathar at the west and that of Bhagwan Neminathar and Bhagwan Padmapraba at the north.
- Temple Manasthambam
Shri 1008 Parswanath Bhagawan Temple:
On the first floor of Moola Gopura of Shree Parswanatha Jinalayam, there is a wide and broad room. This room is filled with the sculptures and paintings of divine Gods and Goddesses. These Colorful Ancient Paintings and Sculptures can be seen here.
- Moola Gopuram / Garbagraham
- Temple Praharam
- Shree 1008 Parshwanath Bhagawan Sannidhi Entrance (Muhamandapam)
Moolanathar – Shri 1008 Parswanath Bhagawan:
The statue of the Moolavar, Shri 1008 Parshwanath Bhagawan, is 14 feet high and is found in a meditating posture. The statue is sculptured of black stone. The eyes depict yogic stage; the lips with a divine smile and the amazing beauty of the face reflect immense kindness and grace. The statue itself is excellently crafted to provide it a perfect look.
Both sides of the tower (Prabavali) are engraved with the images of 23 Theerthankaras and 2 Samaraitharis, Peeta, Dharanendiran and Padmavathi Yakshi. At the front there is a magnificent exhibit of all the eight kinds of auspicious symbols (Ashta Mangalam) and at the centre Dharma Chakra glows. At the back of the sculpture, there are the symbols of 14 ancient scriptures (Agamas-Shrutha Sthambam).
To know about Parshvanath Bhagwan, read History of Lord Parshvanath
- Moola Nathar – Parshvanath Bhagwan
Adjacent to mantapa there is a ‘Karuvarai’ for Kooshmandini alias Dharmadevi. The Yakshis eyes are filled with mercy and she is extremely graceful. Age old hymns and songs that praise the fame and glory of the devi are being sung. She is deemed as the most powerful devi who fulfills wishes of her devotees.
Vidhana Sculpture at the entrance of Mantapa (Muga Mandapa Vidhana Sirpam) is awesome. The carving in one and the same stone-sheet is excellent. A beautiful lotus bloomed with five rows of petals and six parrots seated on the petals picking them with their beaks and four more parrots relishing the blossom is an refreshing sight.
- Dharmadevi Yakshi
The statue of Lord Neminathar is six feet high. Neminathar magnificently stands in a meditating posture. This sculpture is made of black stone. The sculptural accuracy in the statue is great. There is Prabavali at the feet of Neminathar. Sarvaana Yatchagar and KooshMandini Devi are also seen. This statue is said to have been brought from Chennai Mayilai (now known as Santhome) before 700 years. The age of the statue is more than 1700 years.
- Nemi Bhagawan Temple Gopuram
- Nemi Tirthankar
Brightly painted mandapam of five temples adjacently placed hold Shasana Devathas: Brahma Thevar, Motchalakshmi, Jinavani, Padmavathi Devi and Jwala Malini Devi. They seem to promise harmony and peace to the devotees. At present, these temples desperately need repainting which is usually done with herbs.
- Pillars in 5 Temples
Vardhaman Mahaveer Temple:
There is the temple for Vardhaman Mahavir who has awakened the mankind from deep slumber and taught them to think good and do good to others. There are also idols of Bhagwan Chandraprabha, Bhagwan Santhinath, Bhagwan Neminath and Ganadhara Parameshti.
Sixteen Pillared Alankara Mandapa:
On each pillar one can find the carvings of 2 Mathaji’s, who display the dogmas of Jain faith. Their clasped hands exhibit the eight kinds of Mangalas (Ashta Mangalas). They also contain the engraved 24 Tirtankaras, Bharathan, Bhagupali, Natural Jinalayas (Akruthama), the status of Siddhas (Dharmasthigayam), the figures of Mummani (Rathnathrayam), Yatchan, Yatchis, Maha Munis, Aarikas, Navadevada, Aimbarametigal (Panchameru) and Aravaazhi (Dharmachakra) indulged in mortification and austerity.
The sculptures of “Thirivikram” describing the event of Nemi Kumaran entering the temple of Indiraa, standing on a snake, loading the arrow and blowing the conchshell (Sangu) are also depicted.
Mantapa at the front:
Yakshan and Yakshis of Kailayam, Sammedha Sigaram, Sampapuri, Oorjayanthagiri (Girinar), Paavapuri, perpetual Theerthangaras, 27-Stars, 12-Raasis, Shasana Deva-Deviar, 16 dreams of Jinamatha, 8 Manglas and amazing sculptures are beautifully carved on the pillars of the temple.
- Pillars Inside the Temple
- Pillar Carvings
Jinalaya Shethra Balagar (Bairavar):
Shethra Balagar, the sole authority of the temple, along with his vahana, the Dog, gives his dharshan here. He is adorned with garlands and ornaments of precious stones.
Melsithamur Full Temple View:
- Full view of Melsithamur temple with Gopurams